You can find the TEI Versions of the contributions under the following link:

The PDF version is available at:

Preface to the Book of Abstracts

This PDF contains the abstracts for the 19th annual Conference and Members’ Meeting of the Text Encoding Initiative Consortium (TEI), organized by the Centre for Information Modelling, University of Graz, Austria. September 16–20, 2019. It is a rough compilation of the PDF/word-processor files we received by the authors. Not every text file contains authors, so please check the authors as given in the table of content in the following pages. We consider the XML/TEI archived at as the main reference to each contribution.

The 2019 edition of the annual TEI conference is put under the theme “What is text, really? TEI and beyond”. The development of the TEI and the discussions around it have shown how manifold text(s) can be, and how far-reaching the TEI approach is. Thus, this year’s theme “What is text, really?” poses a fundamental question, which goes beyond the pure reference to the seminal paper by DeRose, Durand, Mylonas, and Renear. In 1990 they answered the question somewhat pragmatically introducing a model for text as an ordered hierarchy of content objects which can easily be formalised with digital technologies, but, as they said later on: text can be much more than that. Text encoding can make various aspects of texts explicit, enabling scholars to examine their nature and their relationship with other objects. In this context, the power of the TEI relies on its technological interactions, supporting software of all kinds operating upon texts, from visualisation to annotation tools, digital publishing systems, or statistical analysis. The TEI framework is a way of modelling knowledge and engaging in a dialogue with ontologies, conceptual models, and recent approaches such as text as graph. For text-centric disciplines the TEI offers a range of solutions that address core research needs. However, for object-based disciplines, like archaeology or museology, where text and its encoding is only a small part of their data modelling ecosystem, the value of TEI is not so clear and it competes with other modeling approaches.

This digital resource is intended to create a track of the intellectual input of the event in the digital realm. The TEI documents handed-in by the authors did not follow any other rule than to be TEI compliant. We did not receive customized documents, but converted 34 from standard word processing formats into TEI thanks to Oxgarage. The outcome is as heterogenuous as the application and interpretation of the TEI guidelines are. We normlized title, author, and keywords from the conftool submissions. This digital publication only starts the path to your own work with the corpus: you are invited to extract keywords, author affiliations, or bibliography, analyze style or tag usage in the very texts at your own wish.

All abstracts collected here were handed-in as 300 word proposals for evaluation by the at least three reviewers from program committee. The authors took account of the review results in final versions of their contributions and could extend their abstract. Here you find this final submission.

We want to thank the sponsors (SyncroSoft, the Dean of the Faculty for Humanities, the University of Graz, the City of Graz, CLARIAH.AT) for their financial support. We thank the TEI community for their creative response to the call and their active participation. Without the collective widsom of the program committee, this book of abstracts would have much less quality: thanks Susanna, Syd, Elisa, Vanessa, Roman, Hugh, James, Frank, Franz, Julia, Christiane, Susanne, Martin, Luis, Kiyonori, Claudia, Laurent, Walter, Martina, José, Kathryn, Magdalena, Pip, and in particular my co-chair Gimena!! However, in this place the deepest gratititude goes to those who converted this book of abstract from an idea into reality: Elisabeth Raunig, Elisabeth Steiner, Martina Scholger for management, copy editing, and digital publication, and for the content – of course – the authors.

Graz, 2019, September 12th

Georg Vogeler